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Guidelines for using sources

By: Straumsheim Jens Petter | Published: 28.01.2013 13:39:38
When you write theses, reports, articles or students assignments of any kind you usually use different presentations written by others, to which they have copyright. References shall show where you have found this material. In that way information and citations can be controlled and evaluated.  

A good reference list is one way to avoid plagiarism by showing the original author's reasoning. Correct use of a reference list is important for all types of reports and writing tasks  

The sources can be course books, journal articles, books, texts from the Internet or other electronic media, software, lectures, photos, film, sound-records etc. Whatever your source is, you have to cite it. It is not allowed to copy or use "cut-and-paste" without telling what the sources are. It must be quite clear which sources you have used.   You must not give the impression that other people's ideas, thoughts, views or results are your own. It is a claim that you always make correct and decent references and citations.  

To use sources is allowed and often necessary. To use sources shows that you recognize the work of other people, that you have read scientific literature and that you place your work in a greater context. It shows that you are able to use reference techniques, and it gives the reader possibilities to find your sources.  

You must document all professional statements originally made by others, such as citations, paraphrases and   references. It is not necessary to give sources for matters general known and accepted. Do not write references to oral literature in the reference list. Neither is it necessary to refer to orally sources heard on lectures. If it is necessary, use footnotes to refere, for instance "BBC Prime Animal Park 2005-08-10". If you have received help from somebody, you can make acknowledgements in the epiloque of the article. In thesis and reports make the acknowledgements in the preface.  
Molde Univeristy College Library has worked out guidelines for Citations and references
The Copyright Act protects the author and says that it is legitime to cite from scientific literature regarding to good practice and if it is suitable for the purpose, see Copyright and copying. 


Error in or missing references can be considered as plagiarism and is prohibited. In examinations it will be seen as cheating. Molde University College will treat all cases of suspected cheating according to established guidelines.
The students have an independent responsibility to acquaint themselves with the exam regulations. If in doubt about the correct use of citations and references, one must consult the teacher or the library staff. Students must complete the mandatory personal statement in connection with credit giving assignments and home examinations.
All credit giving assignments must be handed in electronically according to the established guidelines. Molde University College uses a plagiarism control system, checking all assignments against text on the internet.

Reactions and consequences

The reactions concerning cheating is founded on ”Lov om Universiteter og høgskoler § 4-7 1b og § 4-8.3. (“Act relating to universities and university colleges”)
The law gives authorization for annulment of examinations/tests and/or exclusion of the student. By exclusion the student will lose the right to examinations /tests at all Norwegian universities and university colleges for the exclusion period. Cases concerning suspected cheating will be put in front of and decided by the Appeals Committee at Molde University College.
Last updated: 10.04.2015 07:23:54
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