In-text citations

Choose a reference style

Molde University College recommend using the reference style Chicago 17, Author-date.
You can find examples of how to use the style at Search & Write. Other reference styles can also be used at Molde University College, if your supervisor recommends it.
Examples of other reference styles:
  • APA
  • Harvard
Examples of APA and Harvard can also be found at Search & Write.

What to cite?

All scholarly arguments that are not based on your own material, your own reasoning or your own opinions must be referenced in the text and cited in the list of references.
Examples of sources are:
  • Books
  • Journal articles
  • Official reports
  • Newspapers
  • Online documents
  • Etc.

Why do we cite?

In academic writing it is required that you cite your sources. Your references will reflect the scope of your work, and is one of the factors that will be taken into consideration when your assignment is graded.
When citing, you show that you:
  • Acknowledge the work of others
  • Are familiar with your subject
  • Place your own work in an academic context
  • Master the technique of citing
  • Avoid plagiarism (You can read more about plagiarism on Search & Write )
Accurate referencing allows the reader to quickly:
  • Retrieve the sources you have used
  • Check your facts and verify your results
  • Become better acquainted with the topic
A good technique in referencing allows you to easily retrieve sources that are used in others work.
Read more about why we cite on Search & Write .

How to cite?

Your sources should be given in such a way as to let the reader retrieve them easily. To follow correct referencing practice you need to mention the source in the text and provide complete information about the source in the reference list.