Disputation: Terje Andersen

Terje Andersen holds his trial lecture and defends his PhD Thesis "From waste to circularity in e-waste handling: Manufacturer’s view" at Molde University College - Specialized University in Logistics.

Picture of Terje Andersen

Terje Andersen. Photo: HiMolde.

Trial lecture 

The trial lecture starts at 10.15.

Title of the trial lecture

Circular transition in manufacturing industries - benefits and challenges of their contribution to sustainable development

The defence of the thesis starts at 12.15.

Adjudication committee

  • Professor Martina Maria Keitsch, Department of Design, NTNU
  • Professor Jari Porras, Lappeenranta University of Technology, Yliopistonkatu, Finland
  • Professor Berit Helgheim, Molde University College, Specialized University in Logistics

Chair of defence

Professor Harald Martin Hjelle, Molde University College


  • Primary Supervisor Professor Bjørn Jæger, Molde University College
  • Secondary Supervisor Professor Lise L. Halse, Molde University College

Additional information

Electronic waste (e-waste) is a rapidly increasing waste stream. In Europe, handling e-waste is regulated by the European Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE) directive being active for two decades. The waste focus of WEEE is challenged by the need for circularity supporting more sustainable production and consumption. According to the literature, manufacturers play a key role to improve the circularity of products and processes.

In this PhD project, the current handling of electric and electronic equipment has been studied from the perspective of e-manufacturers. The study includes a multinational EEE manufacturer and its interconnected actors within the forward and reverse supply chains, such as producer-responsible organizations, waste collectors, and recycling facilities. The result of the study shows that the EEE industry, framed within the WEEE directive, is focusing on recovering or recycling, the least efficient circularity strategies within a production chain. This study shows that manufacturers as the authoritative source of product information, play a key role in improving circularity in the forward and reverse supply chain to reach the most efficient circular strategies. This study finds that open-loop supply chains have different challenges related to circularity than closed-loop supply chains. The study argues for updating the Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE) directive to Circular Electrical and Electronic Equipment (CEEE) to signal the need for more sustainable solutions for e-manufacturers. To contribute to the shift towards circularity, this study proposes a model for enhanced product lifecycle information flow in which manufacturers support supply chain actors with key product information.

The background of this The PhD project was two folded. First, the rapid increase in electronic waste motivated the research on how responsible parties handle the electronic waste. Secondly, in research, there was a call for focusing on the role of manufacturers as the source of electronic products and consequently e-waste.

Generally, the research motivates a change in governance from the waste focus in the WEEE directive to a circular focus in a CEEE directive to guide e-manufacturers towards increased circularity. Specifically, the research proposes a model for increased circularity in e-waste handling by extended use of edge technologies combined with distributed ledgers.

Terje Andersen (57) comes from Bergen. He holds a Cand Scient degree in Informatics from the University of Bergen, from 1991.  During his PhD studies, Andersen has been employed as a Doctoral Research Fellow at Molde University College, partly financed by the Research Council of Norway through the research project "Manufacturing Network 4.0.")

Published Oct. 12, 2022 11:11 AM - Last modified Oct. 27, 2022 10:46 AM